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Visit Agra

 
Agra is located on the banks of river Yamuna. According to legend, the city was founded by Raja Badal Singh in 1457. However, there are conflicting information about the former founder and rulers. The city remained as Capital of the Mughals Emperors from 1526-1658. The city earned its name worldwide because of famous World heritage monuments, The Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and others. Today, it still remains the most popular tourist destination in India and is a hub for marble industry and products, leather shoes, inlay work etc.
Area
188.40 Sq. Km.
Population
12,75, 134 (2001)
Altitude
171 m (561 ft)
STD Code
0562
Rain Fall
715 mm (mostly between July to September)
Location
27°11′N 78°01′E / 27.18°N 78.02°E

Important Tourist sites :
Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture. A UNESCO World Heritage site, this immortal monument, the inimitable poem in white marble is the true expression of love of Emperor Shahjehan for his queen Mumtaz Mahal. The monument was completed in 1653 AD and thousands of workers and artisans were employed. It took little over 20 years for its completion. 
 
Agra Fort’s importance can be judged with the great names of Mughal dynasties Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shahjehan and Aurangzen who lived here. The imposing structure on the banks of the river Yamuna is replete with priceless examples of craftsmanship in the Mughal period. The beautiful pearl Mosque, Diwan-e-Am, Diwan-e-Khas, Jehangir palace, Moti Masjid are to name a few that form the part of this great fort.
 
Fatehpur Sikri - the beautiful city was planned and erected by Emperor Akbar in 1569. The story behind the city relates to birth of his Son Salim who was named after a Muslim Saint – Sheikh Salim Chishti. Emperor Akbar hearing his renown, had visited the Saint, asked of the blessings of a child. When a son was born, he decided to built a city near the place where the Saint lived. The city was abandoned after 14 years due to shortage of water and growing population. The imposing pavilions, Mosque, massive Buland Darwaza (Gate), Panch Mahal and other buildings are worth a visit
 
Sikandra - Akbar was a Mughal emperor who was also a great connoisseur of the arts. He had many works of architecture constructed, all incorporating various styles into their designs. The emperor began construction on his tomb in Sikandra, near Agra, in 1605. The building was completed by his son, who finished the structure in 1613 AD using designs and methods not originally intended, like leaving out a crowning dome. The tomb of Akbar is an articulate structure built from red sandstone and white marble. On each of its four sides, the grand portals are inlayed with complex mosaics, a fine example of fusion of Hindu and Muslim style of architecture.
 
Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah built around 1622 AD by Empress Nur Jehan, in memory of her father, Ghias-id-Din Beg, Prime Minister during the Mughal Empire in the reign of Jehangir, it is considered a precursor of the Taj Mahal. Sometimes called the 'Baby Taj' because of its resemblance to Agra's most famous monument. However, Itimad ud Daulah's Tomb was built before the Taj Mahal. A number of its stylistic features, such as a tomb in white marble surrounded by a formal garden and the use of inlay work in marble to create floral or geometric designs, inspired similar features of the Taj Mahal.
 
How to reach Agra :
By Air :
Agra has a domestic airport. At present, there are no flights to this city.

By Train :
There are regular train services from Agra to Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Varanasi, Patna, Lucknow, Kolkata, Jhansi, Bhopal, Mumbai, Chennai, Guwahati, Ahemdabad, Amritsar and Haridwar.

By Road :
Bharatpur (55 km),  Deeg (120 km), Fatehpur Sikri (40 km), Gwalior (120 km), Jaipur (235 km), Jhansi (225 km), Khajuraho (400 km), Lucknow (363 km), Mathura (50 km), New Delhi (204 km), Ranthambhore (318 km)
 

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