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Pune

Pune is the second most important city of Maharashtra after Mumbai and, the 8th largest metropolis in India is known to have existed as a town since 937 AD. Pune was originally called Punawadi. Its association goes back to the time when Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the founder of the Maratha Empire, lived in Pune as a young boy and during his reign, the city was developed. In 1730, Pune became an important political centre as the seat of the Peshwa, the Prime Minister of the Chhatrapati of Satara. After the town was annexed to British India in 1817, it served as a cantonment town and as the "monsoon capital" of the Bombay Presidency until the independence of India.

Area 1110 Sq. Km.
Population 34,50,300 (2011)
Altitude 560 m (1840 ft)
STD Code 020
Rain Fall 725 mm (June to September)
Location 1831'13"N 7351'24"E

Climate:
Pune has tropical wet and dry climate. The summer months of April to June are hot when temperature varies between 35-38° C on the higher side and around 20 ° C on the lower side. Evenings and nights generally are pleasant due to its altitude. Winter months are November to February when lowest temperature recorded is around 8° C and highest around 20° C. Fourth months period between June and September is session of rain. July is wettest month of the monsoon.

Important Tourist sites:
Sinhagad - 25 km perched on a hilltop, a fort named after trusted general of Chatrapati Shiva Ji who died here fighting with Mughal Army.

Agakhan's Palace - Gandhi National Memorial Society, houses marble memorials of Mrs Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadeobhai who died here. Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned at this place during British reign and Quit India movement.

Shaniwarwada - Built in the year 1736 by Peshwa Bajirao-I, this 13 storey Palace was headquarters of Peshwas and was securely guarded. It was destroyed in fire in 1828 and now all that remains are fortified walls of this fort, sturdy doors studded with spikers.

Parvati Temple - lies in the southern part of Pune, visible from all over the city, is an important Hindu temples dedicated to Goddess Parvati. Raja Dinkar

Kelkar Museum - houses collection of arts and crafts, 2000 years old pottery and 17th century lamps.

General: Pune is best known for its educational facilities. It is one of the most prosperous cities of India. It is also one of the major IT sectors and industrial city manufacturing, glass, sugar, and forging industries. The city is known for various cultural activities like classical music, spirituality, theatre, sports, literature and training centres for aspirant actors and actresses. Marathi is most common language spoken in Pune. Hindi and English are also widely spoken.

Travel:
By Air: One can fly to and from Pune to various cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Indore, Kolkata, Nagpur, Patna and Vadodra. By

Train: Pune can be reached by train from Mumbai (there are as many as 15 daily trains), Madgaon, Jalgaon, Miraj, Vasco de Gama (Goa), Delhi, Agra, Jhansi, Gwalior, Bhopal, Nagpur, Nanded, Howrah (Kolkata), Chennai, Hyderabad and many other cities. How to reach Pune: By road : Mumbai (175 km), Lonavala (64 km), Nasik (184 km), Sholapur (246), Satara (94 km), Satara (217 km), Panaji (461 km), Aurangabad (235 km)

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