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The name Mysore is derived from Mahishūru, which means the abode of Mahisha. According to Hindu mythology, the area around Mysore was known as Mahishapuram. It was ruled by a demon, Mahishasura. The demon was killed by the Goddess Chamundeshwari, whose temple is situated atop the Chamundi Hills. Thousands of tourists and pilgrims visit this temple every day. In earlier times, this place was known as Puragere till the 15th century under the rule of Wodeyar and the successive generations. The Mahishūru Fort was constructed in 1524 by Chamaraja Wodeyar III (1513-1553), succeeded by his son Chamaraja Wodeyar IV (1572-1576). With the demise of the Vijayanagara Empire in 1565, the Mysore Kingdom gradually achieved independence and became a sovereign state by the time of King Narasaraja Wodeyar (1637) After Tipu Sultan's (one of the greatest Warriors) death in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799, the Kingdom was distributed by the British to their allies of the Fourth Mysore war, the Marhata, Nizam, and State of Travancore, while the rule of Mysore city was retained by the British who built the Government House (completed 1805). After independence, Mysore city remained as a part of the Mysore State. Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar, the then king of Mysore, was allowed to retain his titles and was nominated as the Rajapramukh (King in-charge) of the state. He died in September 1974 and was cremated in Mysore city.

Area 129 Sq. Km.
Population 799,228 (2001)
Altitude 763 m ( 2503 ft)
STD Code 0821
Rain Fall 800 mm (June to September) And October to December.
Location 12°18′N 76°39′E / 12.30°N 76.65°E

Climate: Mysore has a tropical weather. Being close to hills of Ooty and Coorg, the climate remains pleasant. Average temperature during summer March to May remains high of 32°C and low of 22°C. Winter November to February records high of 20°C and low of 19°C.

Important Tourist sites : Mysore city Palace - dominates the landscape. Display of furniture, costumes, weapons, thrones and art objects can be seen in different sections. Designed by English architect Henry, the palace was built between 1897-192.

Chamundi Temple - perched on a hillock, 12 km from Mysore at 3859 ft. the temple is dedicated to Goddess Chamudeshwari. Nearby the temple stands a huge statue of Demon Mahisura.

Nandi Bull - a large sacred Bull (the vehicle or Lord Shiva) 25 ft long and 16 ft high is located half way between Mysore and Chamudi hill.

Zoo - spread over an area of 250 acres, considered one of the best in the world, houses over 1500 animals. The Zoo is situated in the city centre.

St Philomena's Church - This Roman Catholic Church was built in AD 1840.  The twin towers of the church stand majestically at 175 feet, the design is gothic and it is said to resemble the St. Patrick's cathedral at New York and a church at Cologne.

Brindavan Gardens - located around 18 km north of Mysore, are one of the best gardens in India. Located one level below the Krishnarajasagar Dam, the gardens are illuminated every evening and musical fountains are put on.

Lalitha Mahal Palace - standing tall about 12 km from city, presently a hotel under ITDC management (Govt. undertaking)

Somanathapuram - the star shaped temple from Hoysala rulers, 35 km from Mysore, the exquisitely carved temple with triple tower is excellent example of Hoysala architecture.

Srirangapatna - 12 km from Mysore on Bangalore-Mysore route, it is a palace, fort and tomb of Tippu Sultan and his family.

General : A princely state, Mysore witness major celebration at the time of Dussehra festival when city palace is illuminated for 10 long days. The city has several palaces. A procession is carried out during the festival. Gold throne weighin 42 kg is on display during the festival. Kannad and English are widely spoken. Being one of the IT hubs, people from all scores of life work in Bangalore and Mysore. Hindi has become secondary language in some sections of the society.

Travel :
By Air : Mysore has only flight a day from Bangalore. Bangalore is the nearest major airport (175 km) which gets international flight from all over Europe, USA, Australia, middle and far east countries, Gulf. Bangalore is virtually connected on domestic air route with all major and important cities like Agartala, Agatti, Ahmedabad, Bhubaneshwar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu, Kochi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Srinagar, Trivandrum, Vadodara, Vijaywada, Visakhapatnam.

By Train : Mysore can be reached by train from Bangalore, Chennai, Hassan. How to reach Mysore by road :

By Road : Bangalore (140 km), Srirangapatna (16 km), Hassan (140 km), Ooty (150 km), Bandipur (75 km), Nagerhole (85 km), Kanchipuram (382 km)

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