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Kanha National Park

Located in the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh, the Kanha National Park is a Tiger Reserve. Elevations range from 450 to 900 meters. A horse-shoe shaped valley bounded by the spurs of the Mekal ridge gives Kanha an interesting topography. The Surpan River meanders through Kanha’s central grasslands that cover the extensive plateaus.

The grasslands at Kanha interspersed with forests of sal, teeming with varieties of deer - the barasingha, chital (spotted deer), chousingha, nilgai, the majestic gaur (Indian bison) and wild pig. The first ever scientific study of the tiger was undertaken by the eminent zoologist George Schaller. Another landmark at Kanha is the preservation of the ‘hard ground’ barasingha (cervus duvauceli branderi) - the only surviving population of this Central Indian sub-species. This was achieved by extending the grasslands, relocating villages and by increasing the habitat.

Area 940 Sq. Km.
Altitude 600-870 m (1968 - 2854 ft)
STD Code 07636
Rain Fall 1600 mm (July to September)
Location 22°20'0"N 80°38'0"E

Climate: Kanha has three seasons. Summer from March till June. May and June are hot and record a high of 42-45°C and low of 28-30°C. July to September is the session rainy months. The average annual rainfall is around 1600 mm; most of it is during July and August. Winter is from November till February when day temperature is between 18-20°C and night temperature drops between 2-5°C in extreme winter condition.

Important Tourist sites/wildlife: Kanha National Park has about 70 species of trees. The vegetation in the park chiefly comprises of Sal forests, large Bamboo stretches and the lush green meadows. According to surveys, Kanha is home to 22 species of large mammals and over 300 species of birds. The major wildlife attractions in Kanha Wildlife Sanctuary are Tigers, Leopards, Dholes (Indian wild dog), Indian Bisons, Sambar, Chital, Barasingha, Barking Deer, Black Buck, Chausingha, Nilgai, Monkeys, Mongoose, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Porcupine, Hyena, Jungle Cat, Hare, Rock Pythons among many others. The most commonly noticed birds in the park are Pea fowls, Storks, Pond Herons, Egrets, Peacock, Partridges, spotted Parakeets, Green Pigeons, Cuckoos, Drongos, Warblers, Kingfishers, Woodpeckers and fly catchers.

General: The park consists of a core area of 940 sq km, which is surrounded by a buffer zone of 1,005 sq km, thus comprising a total area of 1,945 sq km. The core area of the park and most of the buffer zone are located in two districts: Mandla to the west and Balaghat to the east. In addition, a small section of the buffer zone in the south-eastern sector is part of Rajnandgaon District. There are nearly 150 villages in the buffer zone and over 260 villages within a radius of 10 km. The park entry for the tourists is restricted thru two gates - Kisli and Mukki. The park remains closed from July to September every year during monsoon. Park also remains closed for tourists on every Wednesday afternoon for maintenance.


By Air: Nearest airports: Jabalpur (170) km has flights from Delhi and Mumbai. Nagpur (270 km) is well connected with many important cities such as Bangalore, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Indre, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune and Srinagar. Raipur (270 km) has flights to Ahmadabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Delhi, Hyderabad, Indore, Kolkata, Mumbai and Nagpur.

By Train: Nearest railway station is Jabalpur which is connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Agra, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore and few other important cities.

By Road: Jabalpur (170 km), Nagpur (270 km), Bandhavgarh (260 km), Pench (200 km), Satpura (400 km); Raipur (270 km)

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