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Hyderabad

Hyderabad, the historic city is the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Originally it was founded by Sulthan Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, the 5th King of the Qutub Shah dynasty in 1590 A.D. when Golconda was its capital. Formerly, Hyderabad was known as Bhagyanagar, named in the memory of the Sultan’s beloved Bhagamathi. After her death, the name Bhagyanagar was changed a few times before it was named as Hyderabad Deccan.

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb captured kingdom of Golconda including the city of Hyderabad in 1687. In 1724, Asaf Jah I, who was granted the title Nizam-ul-Mulk ("Governor of the country") by the Mughal emperor, defeated a rival official to establish control over kingdom of Golconda renamed it as Hyderabad state. Thus began the Asaf Jahi dynasty that ruled Hyderabad State till 1948, until a year after India's independence from Britain. The successors ruled as the Nizams of Hyderabad. The rule of the seven Nizams saw the growth of Hyderabad city both culturally and economically. Hyderabad city became the formal capital of the kingdom. Huge reservoirs, like the Nizam Sagar, Tungabhadra, Osman Sagar, and Himayat Sagar, were built including survey work of Nagarjunasagar. Nizams were the richest of the countries with rear collection of gems and stones found anywhere in the world.

Although Hyderabad was founded less than 500 years ago, archaeologists have unearthed Iron Age sites near the city that could date back to 500 BC. The excavations at Nagarjunakonda display a large collection of relics from Buddha period.

Area

217 Sq. Km.

Population

10,94, 291 (2001)

Altitude

536 m (1758 ft)

STD Code

040

Rain Fall

890 mm (June to September)

Location

17° 21′ 57.6″ N, 78° 28′ 33.6″ E  / 34.09; 74.79

Climate:
Tropical wet and dry. The maximum temperature recorded varies between 35 to 40⁰C in the months of May to July and low of 20-22⁰C during this period. December and January are winter months when temperature records a low of 13*C and high of 22*C.

Important Tourist sites :

Salar Jung Museum – displays around 35000 antique and art objects and weapons.
Char Minar – imposing 4 minarets in the old part of city, built in 1591.
Mecca Masjid, located close to Char Minar.
Qutub Shahi Tomb – Mausolea of Sultan of Golconda.
Golconda Fort – ruins of legendary fort, once famous for diamond market was capital of Qutub Shahi Kings.
Buddha Poornima – located on Usman Sagar Lake, the statue of Lord Buddha.
Shilparamam – arts and crafts village, showcases handicrafts from various parts of the state.
Falaknuma Palace – Palace of Nizams, recently refurbished as a hotel under Taj group.

General :
Urdu, Hindi, Telegu and English are widely spoken in the city. The city has a large variants of population from extreme rich to poor. It is one of the fastest growing IT states and is known for its old traditional culture. The city has finest hotels and convention centres and boats of cultural heritage, handicrafts, pearls, bangles and famous Biryani (preparation of chicken or mutton with rice added with flavours)

Travel :
By Air : Hyderabad is an international airport and has flight services from Europe, USA, middle and far east and Gulf countries. Within India, it is connected with almost every major city and many others like Ahemdabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bhuabneswar, Bhopal, Coimbatore, Goa, Indore, Jaipur, Kochi, Lucknow, Nagpur, Pune, Tirupati, Trivandrum, Vadodara, Varanasi, Vijaywada, Visakhapatnam.

By Train : Secunderabad and Hyderabad are two main railway stations which are well connected with cities like Kolkata, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Trivandrum, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal, Jhansi, Agra, Delhi, Ahemdabad and many other cities.

How to reach Hyderabad :
By road : Bangalore (575 km), Visakhapatnam (316 km), Triupati (575 km), Aurangabad (539 km), Goa (720 km), Vijaywada (271 km), Nagarjunasagar (155 km), Sarangal (150 km), Bidar (140 km), Gulberga (205 km), Alampur (210 km)

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