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Goa


In the year 1510 AD, Goa was invaded by a Portuguese explorer Alfonso de Albuquerque. A curious blending of cultures took place, affecting every sphere of Goa life, from religion to architecture, cuisine to art. 451 years later, Goa ceased to be a Portuguese colony and became a part of the Indian Union.

Goa’s over 120 km long coastline is studded with some of the world’s loveliest beaches – Calangute, Baga, Vagator, Miaramar, Colva, Benaulim, Palolem etc. Golden beaches, blue skies and Pale green hills, silvery sand fringed with palms – this is Goa – the land of Paradoxes, the land of Fun and Frolic, of calm and tranquillity. Built in the 16th century, it was a city with awe inspiring Cathedrals. The Basilica of Bom Jesus, the Church of our Lady o Rosary, the St. Cathedral and much more. The brief tenure of Islam has left mosques of the Namazgah and ruins of Safa Masjid.

Area 3702 Sq. Km.
Population 1,400,000  (2001[update])
Altitude Sea level
STD Code 0832
Rain Fall 3250 mm (June to September)
Location 15°33′47″N 73°49′05″E / 15.563°N 73.818°E


Climate:

Goa being close to Arabian Sea, it has tropical and humid weather round the year. May is the hottest month when mercury touches 35°C . November to February are the best months to visit Goa when highest temperature remains below 30°C and lowest 20°C. Early June to mid September is monsoon period and it rains heavily during June and July.

Important Tourist sites :
The Basilica of Bom Jesus, The Church of Our Lady of Rosary, The St. Catehdral, The Convent of St. Francis of Assisi. The known temples are Sri Shanta Durga, Shri Mangesh, Shri Saptakoteshwar Mukhalinga. The Mosque of Namazgah, Spice Plantation, Flee Market, Margao, Mapusa Market, Panaji and beaches of Calangute, Covla, Vagator, Anjuna.

General :
Over a period of time, the influence of Portuguese is less seen here. The natives speak Konkani and Marathi languages. Hindi and English languages are also widely spoken. The official language is Konkani. The population is a mix of Konkani, Marathi( Hindus), Christians, Muslim and Sikh. Goa celebrates several festivals including the most famous Carnival. The Goans are fond of drinks and food. The staple diet is rice and variety of fishes. Fenny made of cashew is the most popular drink. The music is part of the life and every function is celebrated with gaiety.

Travel :

By Air :
Goa has international airport that connects flights to Europe (scheduled and charters). During season time November to April, number of charter flights land in Goa from Russia, Germany, United Kingdom and other countries. On domestic network, Goa can be reached on direct flights from Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Nagpur, Pune.

By Train : Goa has train services to and from Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Bangalore, Trivandrum, Cochin, Mangalore, Chennai and few more cities.

By Road, : Kohlapur (262 km); Mangalore (395 km); Mumbai (593 km); Solapur (473 km); Pune (495 km); Hubli (169 km); Hospet (325 km); Badami (249 km); Dandeli (125 km)

 

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