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Bodh Gaya

Bodh Gaya, one of the most important pilgrimage for Buddhists, is the birthplace of Buddhism. About 2,500 years ago, Prince Siddhartha Gautama (born in 566 BCE) sat down under a Pipal tree (Bo Tree) here and received the enlightenment. Situated in the Bihar state in north eastern India, about 100 km south of Bihar's capital Patna, and 12 km from Gaya, Bodh Gaya remains the most important Buddhist pilgrimage destination on Earth.

Area 257 Sq. Km.
Population 30.900 (2001)
Altitude 110m (360ft)
STD Code 0631
Rain Fall 1860 mm (mostly between June to September)
Location 24.695102°N 84.991275°E / 24.6951°N 84.99128°E

Climate:
Bihar with its tropical climate has seasons like most planes in north India. Summer season is prolonged from April till September when temperature soars around 45⁰. Winter months from December to February record temperature from 28⁰ of high to 4⁰ of low. Monsoon months are June to mid September.

Important Tourist sites :
There are several Buddhist temples built by people from Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, China, Janpan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Tibet. The most important temple is Mahabodhi Temple and the holy Bodhi Tree. It is believed that the tree was grown from the Sapling of Sree Mahabodhi Tree in Sri Lanka.

General :
Bodhgaya is primarily a pilgrimage centre for Buddhists, Jains and Hindus. A large number of Hindus throng Gaya to pay respect to the departed souls and offer donations.

Travel :
By Air : Gaya airport has once a week flight from Kolkata and Yangon.

By Train :
Gaya is well connected by train with all small and major cities in north and east India. Daily train services connected Gaya with Delhi, Agra, Varanasi, Patna, Kolkata, Amritsar, Guwahati and many other cities.

By Road: Varanasi (252 km), Patna (110 km), Rajgir (80 km), Nalanda (93 km)

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