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Bhavnagar (Gujarat) was founded in 1723 AD by Bhavsinhji Gohil (1703-64 AD) and was named after its founder and ruler. It was the first princely state to merge with the democratic Indian Union in 1948.  Bhavnagar remained a major port, for almost two centuries, trading commodities with Africa, Mozambique, Zanzibar, Singapore and the Persian Gulf.    Today, it is one of the most important Industrial centres in India.  The major industries that employ thousands of workers are involved in diamond cutting and polishing units, salt and marine chemicals, plastics, ship building, and breaking industries.

It stands second to Surat in diamond cutting & polishing industry, with 6,000 units operating from the district and employing more than 3 lakh people. Bhavnagar’s is also the largest producer of salt, with 34,500 tons of salt being produced annually in the district. Alang ship breaking yard is the biggest in the world, recycling about 50% of the salvaged ships of the world.

Area 53.30 Sq. Km.
Population 7,50,000 (2001)
Altitude  24 m (78 ft)
STD Code  0278
Rain Fall  550  mm
Location 21°46′N 72°09′E / 21.77°N 72.15°E

Climate :
Being close to the sea, the city remains humid round the year.  High humid conditions prevail during summer season.  The highest temperatures are recorded from May to June. High humid conditions prevail during the rainy season from July to September. Winters are mild.
Summer : Highest  45°C; lowest 20°C
Winter : Highest 35°C ; lowest 15°C  

Important Tourist sites :
Takhteshwar Temple dedicated to Lord Mahadev, made of shining white marble, Gandhi Memorial, Gangajalia – temple dedicated to Ganga Devi and Town Hall.

General :
Known as cultural capital of Saurashtra, the people o Bhavnagar are friendly and art loving.  Gujarati is common language spoken though Hindi is also spoken at most places.  English language is used in the educated society only.  The initiative of reformists and scholars in this city has given great impetus in the field of education.  Rural and liberal child education and education for women was the priority work for reshaping villages in Gujarat by several reformists in Bhavnagar, to name a few – Nanbhai Bhatt, Gijubhai Badheka, Manbhai Bhatt and Harbhai Trivedi.  The laudable efforts of these people have set up example in western and other states of India in the field of rural child and women education.

Travelling to Bhavnagar :
By Air : Bhuj has daily flights to and from Mumbai only.
By Train :  Bhavnagar Junction is connected with Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Mumbai, Surendranagar, Rajkot, Wankaner, Jamnagar, Dwarka and Okha
By Road : Ahmedabad (200 km), Palitana (56 km), Diu (200 km), Junagadh (235 km), Lothal (138 km), Rajkot (178 km), Sasangir (311 km), Somnath (280 km), Vadodra (262 km), Wankaner (231 km), Zainabad (246 km) 

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