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Aurangabad


Aurangabad ( Maharashtra), is named after the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.  It was founded in 1610 A.D. by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah of Ahmadnagar, on the site of a village called Kharki Within a decade, Kharki grew into a populous and imposing city. Aurangabad was Ambar's architectural achievement and creation. The invasion of Allauddin Khilaji changed the fact of the Deccan.  Immediately this district was exposed to the  successive muslim rule. Prominent among them were the Tughluqs,  The Nizams  of Ahmednagar, the Mughals and the Nizams of Hyderabad.  Mohammad Tughluq tried to shift his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad- For that he tried to raise the infrastructure of Daulatabad- However, under some geographical  constraints, this could not be done and  Daulatabad’s fate was sealed forever.  In the last phase  of 18th Century Aurangzeb tried to develop this city on the lines of Delhi. During his tenure of first Subhedari the nomenclature of the city was changed to Aurangabad

Area  10100 Sq. Km.
Population 2897013 (2001)
Altitude 585 m (1918 ft)
STD Code  0240
Rain Fall 734 mm (June to September)
Location N 19° 53' 47" - E 75° 23' 54"

Climate :
The area is usually dry during summer months (March to June) with high temperature of 42⁰C and low of 27⁰C.  Winter months November to February are pleasant while lowest temperature drops to 4⁰C in December/January.

General :
Aurangabad’s culure is influenced by Hyderabad and even today, the old city retains the cultural flavour and charms of Muslim of Hyderabad.  Marathi and Urdu are the principal languages of the city, Urdu is spoken in Dakhni – Hyderabadi Urdu dialect.

Important Tourist sites :
Ajanta Caves, 120 km from Aurangabad are UNESCO World Heritage site.  Dating back to 2nd sanctuary BC and were discovered in 1819 by a British Officer.  There are 30 caves in total and 5 of them are the most important, contain paintings and sculptures related to Lord Buddha. 

Ellora Caves, 30 km from Aurangabad is a group of 34 caves belonging to Hindu, Jain and Buddhist religions.  Buddhist Cave No. 10 Vishvakarma is the most impressive of other Buddhist caves.    Kailasanath, the main attraction of Ellora Caves is a masterpiece.  Caved out of a single rock, this massive multi storeyed temple was designed to recall Abode of Shiva, the Mount Kailash.
Bibi Ka Maqbara is tomb of Aurangzeb's wife, Rabia-ud-Durrani. Popularly known as ‘’mini Taj’’ due to its imitation of design of the Taj at Agra. An intriguing water mill built in 17th century, the Panchakki is famous for its underground water channel, which traverses more than 8 km to its source away in the hills.  Aurangabad Caves, 5 km from city nestled amidst the hills are 12 Buddhist caves probably dating back to 3 A.D.  Other places are Kali Masjid, Jumma Masjid, Shanghai Masjid, Chowk Masjid.

A fewer people know Aurangabad as city of Gates. It has 52 gates with their own history.  

Travelling to Aurangabad :

By Air : Aurangabad is connected with Delhi and Mumbai on air route.
By Train : Daily trains run between Mumbai, Pune  to Aurangabad.  The other stations Manmad and Jalgaon have several trains that connect to Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore and many other important stations.

By Road : Mumbai (388 km), Pune (230 km), Shirdi (126 km), Nasik (215 km), Manmad (113 km), Jalgaon (194 km)

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